Sharing and Learning By Jeffrey P. Carpernter and Jennifer S.Pease

"Instead of pushing more responsibility for learning onto teachers, let's consider new models in which students assume greater responsibility for their own learning."

Sharing Responsibility for Learning


                                          Teacher roles                      Student roles

Promoting intellectual rigor





    Design learning experiences that foster and require active student engagement.

    Support student ownership of learning by connecting to their ideas and questions.

    Provide a variety of learning experiences, including one-on-one interactions with the teacher and collaboration with peers.

    Present an appropriate level of challenge that compels students to stretch themselves to be successful.

    Engage with and connect ideas across lessons, units, and content areas to maximize learning.

     Ask questions of self, peers, and teachers, and actively pursue answers.

     Participate in a variety of activities that align with areas of both strength and weakness.

    Persist through and learn from initial struggles and failures, and give feedback on level of challenge being provided.



Commitment to growth and improvement


Make learning goals and assessment processes transparent and collaborative.

Collect and analyze data, provide growth-oriented feedback, and adjust learning experiences as needed.

Establish relevance by creating authentic assessments that help students connect content to their lives and interests.

Provide students structured, meaningful opportunities for self-assessment.

Contribute to development of learning goals, rubrics, and assessment.

Monitor their own comprehension and progress, ask clarifying questions when needed, and integrate feedback into their learning.

Engage in complex thinking to solve multifaceted challenges and make connections between content and their lives and interests.

Commit to honest self-assessment and use self-assessment as an opportunity to improve performance.

Development and maintenance of classroom community


Cultivate a learning environment that reflects commitment to student growth, engagement, and autonomy.

Teach collaborative skills, establish norms for cooperative work, guide and support groups, and be responsive to students’ needs.

Scaffold the peer review process to encourage constructive feedback and thoughtful reflection.

Provide opportunities for students to assume a variety of roles that ensure the productive functioning of the classroom community.

Provide feedback on how effectively the classroom community promotes active learning.

Collaborate with peers, pursue group goals, and share responsibility for the productive functioning of groups.

Commit to honest and constructive peer assessment and use the peer review process as an opportunity for personal reflection.

Invest in the classroom community by assuming leadership roles and helping select instructional materials.

 Retrieved from phi delta kappan journal located at http://www.kappanmagazine.org/