AHEAD OF THE CLASS

Developing Lesson Plans

   
         MODEL LESSON PLANS 

Click on the link above to access Model Lesson Plans (Part I and Part II) in File Share. 

The Essential Components of Lesson Planning

      Quality lessons should offer students opportunities to think creatively and critically, to deal with diverse opinions, and to develop interpersonal relationships that support and challenge their learning experience. 

     Accordingly, the essential components of effective lesson planning involve writing high quality goals along with instructional objectives that are specific and written in measurable terms. 

     Valid, reliable measurements of student achievement increase when expected outcome statements are identified; degrees of mastery are provided; and the degree to which the learner is able to perform in the manner desired is evaluated (Nova Southeastern University, 2011).  

 


 A good teacher, like a good entertainer first must hold his audience's attention, then he can teach his lesson.
John Henrik Clarke

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 On This Page

The Essential Components of Lesson Planning
Layered Assessments

WebQuest Lesson Plans

Interactive Lessons Plans for Math

National Geograhic Interactive Lesson Plans 

Technology Enhanced Lessons

Technology Enhanced Curriculum

Teacher's Corner

 Lesson Planet

Thematic Units

Lesson Plan Templates

"Ten Tips for Developing A Quality Lesson Plan..."

1. The first thing to decide is what you want to teach and is it based upon your state or district standards. You must also consider the intended audience you are teaching to (aka: target population) and are there any prerequisites or prior knowledge students must have acquired in order to successfully participate in this lesson.

2. To ensure the lesson plan will teach exactly what you want it to, it is critical to develop clear and specific objectives at the start. You must note that these objectives should not be activities that will be used in the lesson plan. Rather, they should be the learning outcomes of those activities.

3. You must decide what materials you are going to use, including technology enhanced software/tools that will be integrated into instructional activities.

4. Students must buy into your message, your energy, and your motive for teaching! Developing an Anticipatory Set or Hook is essential to any lesson plan. Providing real-world application when the new content is introduced creates student interest in learning and makes the topic you are getting ready to teach more relevant and meaningful.  A good example is a lesson on fractions. The teacher may start by asking the students how they would divide a pizza to make sure each of their 3 friends received an equal amount of pie.

5. Next,  the lesson plan should include a step-by-step list of procedures that will be performed to reach each of the written objectives.  These are the relevant actions and activities that are required in order for students to perform the stated objectives.  Consider time management and transitional periods when moving from one activity to another so that the lesson flows smoothly and avoids "off-task" be

6. Modeling an example of solving the problem along with guided practice enables students to feel more confident in their ability to engage in independent practice.

7. Before moving on to the assessment phase, be prepared to create some sort of closure for the lesson plan. A good idea for this is to return to your anticipatory set or hook activity. For example, you can ask students how they would divide that pie now that they know how to work with fractions

8. Provide assessment/evaluation.  Daily lesson plans should have some type of evaluation measure to determine whether the objectives were reached during instruction. The key to doing this is to make sure that the assessment specifically measures whether the objectives were reached or not.

9. Use differentiated activities and assignments to account for students with different levels of cognitive complexity, learner readiness and student interest.  Be sure to include a “Connections” section, which shows how the lesson plan could be integrated with other subjects as well.

10. Reflection and Revision: This is the time when you may use exit cards to record reflective thoughts by students and write special reminders for future teaching. At the conclusion of the lesson, questions to ask are: "Were lectures, activities, independent practice, cooperative groups/partnership, and technology effective tools for assessment purposes? Was the use of appropriate pacing following? Was enough time allowed in lesson segments for practice and deepening of student understanding of content?" This helps to determine the extent to which modeling examples, practice, and content provided critical-input experiences for students and write special reminders for future lesson planning.

 

 

 
References

 Nova Southeastern University. (2011). Resource Lecturette Week 4. Retrieved from https:// mako.nova.edu/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp?url=%2Fwebapps%2Fblackboard %2Fexecute%2Flauncher%3Ftype%3DCourse%26id%3D_18703_4 


Locke, L.  Powerful Education Tools that All Schools Should be Teaching . . . but Don't! Retrieved from
http://www.learnatlast.com