AHEAD OF THE CLASS

Designing Learning Goals and Objectives

 

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Learning Goals

Global Objectives

Educational Objectives

Instructional Objectives

Global objectives

These objectives are the most general.  They are broad, complex areas.  For example, "Students will be able to apply basic properties of probability" 

Educational Objectives

These objectives articulate specific areas of knowledge, but do not identify the performance conditions and criteria for success as do instructional objectives.  Educational objectives are more commonly reffered to as learning goals.  How these goals can be addressed on the instructional level is important to the day-to-day execution of classroom activities from which teachers select appropriate instructional activities and assessments that help determine students' progress on the learning goals. 

Instructional Objectives

Instructional objectives are the most specific of the three types of objectives.  Well-written instructional objectives should include three elements:

1. Performance. An objective always says what a learner is expected to be able to do; the objective sometimes describes the product or result of the doing.

2. Conditions. An objective always describes the important conditions (if any) under which the performance is to occur.

References

Marzano, R. J. (2009). Formative assessment & standards-based grading: Classroom
     strategies that work.
 
     Bloomington, IN: Marzano Research Laboratory.

Learning Goals

There are two important characteristics of learning goals: goal specificity and goal difficulty.  Goal specificity refers to the degree to which goals are defined in terms of clear and distinct outcomes.  Goal difficulty refers to the degree to which goals provide a challenge to students.