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Instructional objectives are the most specific of the three types of objectives. Well-written instructional objectives should include three elements:
1. Performance. An objective always says what a learner is expected to be able to do; the objective sometimes describes the product or result of the doing.
2. Conditions. An objective always describes the important conditions (if any) under which the performance is to occur.
There are two important characteristics of learning goals: goal specificity and goal difficulty. Goal specificity refers to the degree to which goals are defined in terms of clear and distinct outcomes. Goal difficulty refers to the degree to which goals provide a challenge to students.