Instructional Strategies for ESL Students Checklist

ð       Checking students’ comprehension of the content:

·          Use sentence strips

ð       Set up dialogue journals between teacher and student

·          Plan activities using role play and drama

·          Use student reading logs

·          Use Cloze exercises

·          Write summaries

·          Encourage students to write headlines

·          Write character diaries

·          Have students present information with

ð       illustrations, comic strips, or other visual representations

ð       Allow students to provide answers and explain processes instead of you telling them

ð       Helping ESL students adjust to the classroom:

·          State / display language, content and

ð       Meta-cognitive objectives

ð       List instructions / process steps and review orally

ð       Present information in varied ways (oral,written, demonstrations, with tangible objects)

·          Frequently summarize key points

·          Repeat and paraphrase important terms

ð       Provide Word Wall with vocabulary for unit/ chapter

·          Have students maintain notebook

·          Have student maintain learning log for

ð       Meta-cognitive strategies

·          Allow sufficient response time

·          Adjusting teaching style:

·          Develop a student centered approach

·          Speak a little more slowly (not louder J),

ð       use shorter sentences, and avoid idioms

·          Increase the percentage of inferential and

ð       higher order thinking questions

·          Provide correction for language errors by

ð       modeling, not overt correction

ð       @ B. Lewis-Moreno, 2002

·          Teaching a multi level class:

·          Use cooperative learning

·          Incorporate peer tutoring

·          Use the Writing Process

·          Explicitly connect learning to students’

ð       knowledge and experience

·          Take time to preview and explain new

ð       concepts and vocabulary before starting instruction

·          Use questionnaires / interviews

·          Motivating students and providing

ð       background knowledge:

ð       Use Semantic Webbing and graphic organizers

·          Use Anticipation Reaction Guides

·          Have students brainstorm, then record

ð       responses on overhead before starting lessons