" Think Outside the Box"
All students can learn! If they are not learning, then it is our responsibility as educators to determine how to increase their success in learning. Therefore, teachers must continually search for effective ways to accommodate students with special needs in order to be more inclusive and responsive to diverse social/emotional needs, diverse academic needs and take responsibility for teaching all students in the classroom.
There are many ways classroom teachers can determine when and how to differentiate instruction. Some examples include: creating a class diversity profile that provides a summary of the learning differences represented in your classroom; pre-assessing students to determine their readiness for each new unit or series of lessons and; using assessment data provided by the district to inform your instructional planning.
Students who need accommodations can be informed of audio set up and text readers. Braille transcripts can be ordered from the district office. Allowing students to re-take tests encourages them to re-study and learn material they had not mastered before. This procedure does not allow them to ignore content that is sure to be on tests and unit exams. Classroom websites allow teachers to post practice-tests and evaluation rubrics for class assignments/projects in order to help students measure and participate in their individual academic growth. Providing homework assistance online or by phone enables teachers to assess where students need extra help and to change instruction to accommodate special needs. Lesson plans should be adaptive and flexible in order to provide more individualized instruction to a student or a small group of students as appropriate. When an activity is flexible, it prevents isolation or segregation of students with diverse learning needs. Therefore, web-quests and other types of internet activities that are interdisciplinary, differentiated and multi-leveled allow students to engage in multiple activities both in and outside the classroom.
Below are methods used to address the diverse, linguistic, and exceptional needs of students described in the target population. These strategies can be incorporated to ensure activities and assessment practices are fair and nondiscriminatory.